【通知公告】第196期可持续发展沙龙——在日益增长的城市中受益于自然

发表时间:2017-05-18 阅读次数:1883次

“可持续智能城镇化”2017年春第十二讲

暨第196期可持续发展沙龙系列研讨课——

在日益增长的城市中受益于自然

 

时间:2017年5月23日 (星期二)下午 18:30

地点:同济大学四平路校区 北楼301

主讲人:Jürgen H. Breuste 教授

开场致辞:杨贵庆 教授

主持人:干 靓 讲师

 

主讲人简介:

     Jürgen H. Breuste教授是奥地利萨尔斯堡大学地理学语城市生态学教授,他在德国哈勒-维腾贝格大学学习地理学并在1982年和1986年分别获得两个博士学位,曾在德国哈雷大学、格赖夫斯瓦尔德大学、德累斯顿大学和莱比锡大学担任地理学、地理生态学以及城市生态学讲师,并担任莱比锡/哈雷大学城市景观环境研究中心主任长达10年。目前担任北京首都师范大学荣誉教授、上海华东师范大学城市生态学教授,担任国际城市生态学学会主席等学术职务。他曾在多项欧盟和其他国际合作的城市生态和城市发展研究项目中担任项目负责人,在城市生态系统研究、自然保护和城市开发建模方向出版了数本专著。

Prof.Jürgen Breuste held a professorshipfor Geography/Urban Ecology at Paris-Lodron-University Salzburg (Austria) (born1956). He studied geography at Martin-Luther University Halle/Wittenberg fromwhere he got his PhD 1982 and his second graduation 1986. He was universitylecturer for geography, geo-ecology and urban ecology at the Germanuniversities in Halle, Greifswald, Dresden and Leipzig and headed of departmentUrban Landscape at the Environmental Research Centre Leipzig/Halle for 10 yearsbefore his actual position in 2001. There he is Honorary Professor of CapitalNormal University Beijing, China, full professor for urban ecology of EastChina Normal University Shanghai, and member of several scientific boards andpresident of the International Society of Urban Ecology (SURE). He has worked asproject leader in a number of research projects on urban ecology and urban developmentat EU level and in other international cooperation. He is specified in urbanecosystem research, nature protection and modelling of urban development bynumerous publications.

 

讲座摘要:

"Benefits from nature in growing cities"

在日益增长的城市中受益于自然

Jürgen Breuste, Univ. Salzburg, ECNU Shanghai

本研究基于对城市绿地功能和案例研究的总体认知(主要集中于中欧,也包括中国案例),通过植被的内部结构、大小、形状和位置等与至少一项城市生态系统服务半定量尺度相关的要素,诠释不同文化背景下不同的城市绿地类型。接受评估的城市绿地空间包括行道树、街区公园、区级公园、城市公园、城市森林和份地花园。评估的城市生态系统服务包括供应、调节、支持和文化服务。采用评估与应用方法用以检测地方级城市绿地适应城市生态系统服务评价的能力。现实的城市挑战、土地利用变化、气候变化适应、人口变化和文化多样性要求通过持续的监测对城市生态系统服务进行系统评价。因此,迫切需要制定和实施一种与城市生态系统服务相关的新规划范式。    

The study is based on general available knowledge on urban green functions and on example studies especially in Central Europe, but also in China. This allows qualifying different urban green space types by its internal structure of vegetation, size, shape and location in relation to at least a semi-quantitative scaling of its urban ecosystem services under different cultural circumstances. The evaluated urban green spaces are street trees, neighborhood parks, district parks, city parks, urban forests and allotment gardens. The assessed urban ecosystem services are provisioning(配置), regulating, supporting and cultural services. Evaluation and application methods are tested for its adaptability to the task of evaluation of urban ecosystem services on the local level for urban green spaces. The actual urban challenges, land use change, adaptation to climate change, demographic(人口) change and cultural diversity demand a systematic evaluation of urban ecosystem services with constant monitoring. A new planning paradigm(范例) related to urban ecosystem services is urgently needed to develop and to implement.     

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